Butterfly Count

In July at the White House Farm we held a butterfly count where we strolled through the garden, visited areas of native landscaping and walked along the paths in the 52 acre riparian buffer next to the Shenandoah River.  This is our sixth year participating in the North American Butterfly Association (NABA) regional count in which volunteers, on a designated summer day, visit multiple sites across the Shenandoah Valley to survey and record numbers and types of butterflies seen.

Below are photos of a few of the species we saw in the count held July 13, 2014.

The 80+ native tree species in the White House Natives nursery is helping support our hard-working and essential pollinators by providing host leaves for butterfly larvae. Birds feed on the caterpillars, which keep their populations low enough that they do not normally damage  the young trees.

Many native Lepidoptera (butterflies) have only a few hosts meaning the newly hatched larvae can only eat these certain native species. Some trees like the tulip poplar support 19 different natives and paw paws provides food for 12 species. This is impressive but other trees serve as hosts to more than 100 species and the oaks win the prize for diversity in supporting 518 native Lepidoptera species! Below is a list of native trees and the butterflies they support based on the research of Dr. Douglas Tallamy.

GenusCommon NameLepidoptera Species Supported
Quercusoak518
Prunusbeach plum, cherry, chokecherry, peach, plum, sweet cherry, wild plum, almond429
Salixwillow440
Betulabirch400
Populusaspen, cottonwood, poplar358
Maluscrabapple, apple284
Acermaple, boxelder287
Vacciniumcranberry, blueberry286
Alnusalder248
Caryahickory, pecan, pignut, bitternut233
Ulmuselm206
Pinuspine191
Crataegushawthorn150
Rubusblackberry, dewberry, Himalayan berry, raspberry, thimbleberry, loganberry151
Piceaspruce146
Fraxinusash141
Tiliabasswood, linden142
Rosarose, sweetbriar122
Corylusfilbert, hazel, hazelnut124
Juglansbutternut, walnut123
Castaneachestnut125
Fagusbeech124
Amelanchierserviceberry, juneberry, shadbush119
Larixlarch, tamarack115
Cornusdogwood, bunchberry115
Abiesfir113
Myricabayberry, myrtle, gale, sweetgale, northern bayberry, red bayberry, wax myrtle106

Chart info from http://udel.edu/~dtallamy/host/index.html

Chris Anderson, Executive Director

White House Farm Foundation

 

Note: More info on the butterfly count can be found here